Black pepper is steam distilled from the black peppercorns. Probably best known for it's pain relieving qualities. May reduce smoking withdrawal symptoms.
Black Pepper oil is produced by the steam distillation of the dried, crushed, not-quite-ripe fruits of the pepper plant. Pepper has been esteemed as a spice in India since time immemorial and is dispersed in trade throughout the world. In the Middle Ages in Europe, pepper was of great importance to season and preserve meat and to mask the odors of rancid foods. Pepper is used in Ayurvedic medicine for its carminative, warming and eliminative properties. Helpful for arthritis, rheumatism, muscle aches and pain, sprains, stiffness, poor circulation, and muscle tone. Caution: Use with care in massage, bath or compresses. A possible skin irritant. Fortifying, warming and strengthening. Very stimulating physically and mentally. Aids alertness and stamina. Blends well with all Citrus, Frankincense, Patchouli, Sandalwood, Vetiver. Antiviral, bacteriacide, antispasmodic, analgesic, useful for head colds, sore throats, flu. A powerful digestive stimulant. Helpful for flatulence, nausea, and loss of appetite.